What to Know About IRS e-Signature Rules

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The IRS does not yet have a consistent set of rules for what constitutes a valid e-signature and as a consequence, each form has its own requirements and it is incumbent upon the compliance professional to remain current on the ever-changing rules.

On the plus side, the IRS is actively engaged in encouraging e-filing and electronic documentation. Almost every form has a method by which one can obtain a valid e-signature.

Executive Summary:

  1. The W-9 and W-4 forms may use e-signatures and the IRS rules around them are reasonable.
  2. The 1096/1099 e-file process does not require a signature, but certain companies may require you to attest to the accuracy of the 1099 information that you submit.
  3. Recipients of 1099 and W-2s must explicitly consent to receive their forms electronically, which does not require an e-signature, but does require a record of consent.
  4. The I-9 cannot be completed online at this time and the e-signature requirements are worded more strictly than the W-4 and W-9.

W-9 Filing

The IRS has allowed people to fill out W-9s with an e-signature since 1998. To be valid, online W-9s with an e-signature must meet the following conditions,

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About S. Lindsey West

About S. Lindsey West

S. Lindsey West is CEO of Track 1099, an online W-2 and 1099 processing program for both businesses and accounting firms. 

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