State Tax Credits and Incentives: Updates to Knowby
Recent updates to state tax credit and incentive programs are poised to invigorate the economy and help business owners. In this article, Barry Halpern, a partner with Marcum LLP, goes over some of the updates aimed at supporting small business, venture funds and more.
Several states recently enacted notable updates to their tax credit and tax incentive programs that may be beneficial in tax year 2021 and beyond. A common theme among these programs is an effort to boost the economic recovery process through invigorated and/or new credit and incentive programs. In this article, we summarize a few of the state credit and incentive programs that could benefit businesses and their owners.
CALIFORNIA COMPETES TAX CREDIT
The California Competes Tax Credit (CCTC) is an income (or franchise) tax credit available to businesses in California looking to expand and create new, high-quality full-time jobs. The tax credit agreements are negotiated by the Governor’s Office of Business and Economic Development (GO-Biz) and approved by a statutorily created CCTC committee.
California increased the amount allocated to the CCTC program to incentivize businesses to relocate to California. The aggregate amount of credit that may be allocated under the program for the 2021–22 fiscal year is now $394.7 million.
The CCTC is available for allocation in three separate application periods:
- July 26, 2021, through August 16, 2021 ($150 million)
- January 3, 2022, through January 24, 2022 ($140 million)
- March 7, 2022, through March 28, 2022 ($104.7 million plus any remaining unallocated amounts from previous application periods)
Applications for the credit will be accepted at calcompetes.ca.gov from July 26, 2021, through August 16 2021.
MAIN STREET SMALL BUSINESS TAX CREDIT
California enacted legislation on July 16 for the Main Street Small Business Tax Credit to assist businesses impacted by the economic turbulence of 2020 and 2021. This credit is similar to the Main Street Small Business Tax Credit that was previously available for the 2020 tax year. However, there are some key differences in the eligibility requirements in 2021.
To qualify for the credit, taxpayers must:
- Have had 500 or fewer qualified employees on December 31, 2020 (including part-time employees).
- Have had a decrease of 20 percent or more in gross receipts for 2020 as compared to 2019.
- Obtain a tentative credit reservation from the California Department of Tax and Fee Administration (CDTFA). When applying for the reservation, taxpayers must make an irrevocable election to apply the credit to either sales and use taxes or income taxes.
The time period for requesting the required reservation begins on November 1, 2021, and ends on November 30, 2021, or an earlier date if the allocation limit for the credit is reached prior to the deadline.
The credit is equal to $1,000 for each net increase in qualified employees, as measured in monthly full-time employee equivalents. The total amount of credit for each employer cannot exceed $150,000.
HOMELESS HIRING CREDIT
For tax years 2022 through 2026, California is providing a tax credit for employers that hire individuals without housing. Employers may claim the credit against their personal income taxes or corporate taxes.
Under this plan, a qualified employer can claim a tax credit of between $2,500 and $10,000 per qualified individual hired (with a maximum of $30,000 annually), thereby helping individuals without homes as well as businesses that need additional support to recover from the economic impact of the pandemic. The goal of the credit is to encourage employers to hire and retain employees from a population that often faces systemic barriers to employment.
To qualify, the individual must:
- Be without housing on the date hired or during the 180-day period immediately before the hire; or
- Receive supportive services from a service provider specializing in homelessness.
An eligible employer must:
- Pay wages subject to withholding of at least 120 percent of the California minimum wage.
- Apply to the FTB for a credit reservation within 30 days of hiring the eligible individual.
- Claim the credit only on timely filed original returns.
- Reduce any deduction otherwise allowed for qualified wages by the amount of the credit allowed.
If the credit allowed exceeds the amount of tax due, the excess may be carried over to reduce tax in the succeeding three years, if necessary, until the credit is exhausted.
RECENT LEGISLATIVE CHANGES IN CONNECTICUT WILL:
- Increase, over a two-year period, the cap on the amount of research and development (R&D) tax credits a taxpayer can claim each year, from 50.01 percent of the taxpayer’s annual tax liability to 60 percent for the 2022 income year and 70 percent in the 2023 income year and each year thereafter.
- Reduce the number of years unused R&D tax credits can be carried forward to 15 years (from “until fully taken”).
- Increase the aggregate cap on InvestCT tax credits to $550 million (from $350 million), but retain the existing $40 million annual cap.
- Allow 78 percent of the film and digital media production tax credit to be claimed against the sales and use tax if there is common ownership of at least 50 percent between the taxpayer and the eligible production company that sold, assigned or otherwise transferred the credit, effective Jan. 1, 2022.
PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT (PPE) MANUFACTURING TAX CREDIT
The PPE Manufacturing Tax Credit makes available $10 million in investment tax credits per year to businesses that invest in the production of PPE during the 2020, 2021 and 2022 tax years. The program supports investment in PPE manufacturing facilities and equipment to increase the availability of critical public health care products and create manufacturing jobs.
Projects can receive a base tax credit of $10,000 per new job created, up to an annual program cap of $10 million. Individual projects are subject to an annual cap of $500,000. Bonuses are available for projects that meet additional policy goals.
PPE Manufacturing Tax Credits that exceed the amount a taxpayer owes shall be treated as a refundable overpayment. A PPE Manufacturing Tax Credit for new or retained jobs will not apply if the taxpayer is receiving a tax credit incentive award for the same jobs under the Emerge Program.
To receive tax credits through the PPE Manufacturing Tax Credit Program, a project must:
- Manufacture PPE, such as coveralls, face shields, gloves, gowns, masks, respirators, safeguard equipment and other equipment designed to protect the wearer from the spread of infection or illness.
- Create a minimum number of new jobs.
- Meet a minimum investment threshold for new construction or the improvement or fit-out of existing facilities.
- Be located in an approved redevelopment or rehabilitation area, Smart Growth Area or facility engaged in a research collaboration or an apprenticeship or pre-apprenticeship program with a New Jersey educational institution or in a large, long-vacant building.
EMERGE NJ PROGRAM
The Emerge NJ Program grants awards to taxpayers that meet minimum thresholds and other investment requirements in targeted areas and industries.
The annual nonrefundable income tax credit ranges from $500 to $8,000 per new job created for up to seven years. In certain circumstances, projects involving large-scale job retention may also qualify. The tax credits can be sold when taxpayers have insufficient tax liability to offset.
New Jersey recently updated the law setting forth new requirements for eligible program applicants to demonstrate that the new and retained full-time jobs at the qualified business facility are subject to 80 percent or more of New Jersey withholding tax.
ANGEL INVESTOR TAX CREDIT
The New Jersey Angel Investor Tax Credit Program establishes tax credits against corporate business or gross income taxes based on a qualified investment in a New Jersey emerging technology business or in a qualified venture fund for the purposes of stimulating investment.
Investors can receive a tax credit in an amount equal to 20-25 percent of the qualified investment. The qualified investment cannot exceed $500,000.
The program has been expanded to include investments in a “qualified venture fund” that invests a minimum of 50 percent of its funds in New Jersey-based businesses.
Employees have to spend only 60 percent of their time in state to qualify for certain tax breaks, an acknowledgment of long-term changes in the workforce due to the pandemic. (Qualified employees were previously required to spend 80 percent of their time in New Jersey.)
Plus, $350 million in tax credits previously allocated to two major economic incentive programs will now be allocated to offshore wind projects.
The state’s film and digital media tax credit was increased to 35 percent of qualified film production expenses. Credits can be claimed until July 1, 2034.
New York recently announced the launch of the Pandemic Recovery and Restart Program. The program, the purpose of which is to help certain industries that suffered economic harm due to COVID-19, includes the Restaurant Return-To-Work (RRTW) tax credit and the New York City Musical and Theatrical Production (NYCMTP) tax credit.
The RRTW provides for a $5,000 (up to $50,000) credit for eligible small business food and beverage businesses that are increasing employment.
The NYCMTP provides a credit of 25 percent of qualified production expenditures (capped at $1.5-$3 million) for eligible businesses principally engaged in the production of a qualified musical or theatrical production to be performed in a qualified New York City production facility.
On June 23, 2021, Governor John Bel Edwards signed two bills establishing certain tax credits to encourage the hiring of people facing barriers to entry into the workforce.
LOUISIANA WORK OPPORTUNITY TAX CREDIT
This provides a non-refundable income tax credit of up to $2,500 per eligible re-entrant (i.e., an inmate or former inmate eligible to participate in a work-release program) to businesses that hire participants in certain work-release programs. The credit is available only once for each eligible re-entrant. The credit can be claimed against Louisiana income or franchise tax for the tax period in which the credit is earned. Unused credit can be carried forward for up to five years.
The credit applies to the employment of eligible re-entrants with a release date occurring on or after Jan. 1, 2021, and it sunsets June 30, 2027.
LOUISIANA YOUTH JOBS TAX CREDIT PROGRAM
This provides a non-refundable credit against the corporate income or franchise tax for businesses hiring eligible youths on or after July 1, 2021. The credit equals $1,250 per hire in a full-time position and $750 per hire in a part-time position. The business will earn the credit in the year in which the eligible youth completes the third consecutive month of work.
The unused credit can be carried forward for up to five years. The credit sunsets on December 31, 2025.
APPRENTICESHIP TAX CREDIT
This provides a non-refundable credit that can be claimed against the corporate income or franchise tax for businesses that employ apprentices, effective for taxable periods beginning after December 31, 2021. The credit equals $1.25 per hour of employment for each eligible apprentice employed for a minimum of 250 hours during the tax period, up to $1,250 per year.
Unused credits may be carried forward for five years. No credit will be granted after December 31, 2028.
This article was originally published on August 27, 2021, on the Marcum website.