IRS Announces "Fresh Start" Initiative to Help Struggling Taxpayers

The IRS announced a major expansion of its "Fresh Start" initiative to help struggling taxpayers. It is taking steps to provide new penalty relief to the unemployed and making installment agreements available to more people.
Under the new Fresh Start provisions, part of a broader effort started at the IRS in 2008, certain taxpayers who have been unemployed for thirty days or longer will be able to avoid failure-to-pay penalties. In addition, the IRS is doubling the dollar threshold for taxpayers eligible for installment agreements, which will help more people qualify for the program.
"We have an obligation to work with taxpayers who are struggling to make ends meet," said IRS Commissioner Doug Shulman. "This new approach makes sense for taxpayers and for the nation's tax system, and it is part of a wider effort we have underway to help struggling taxpayers." 
Penalty Relief
The IRS announced plans for new penalty relief for the unemployed on failure-to-pay penalties – one of the biggest factors a financially distressed taxpayer faces on a tax bill.
To assist those most in need, a six-month grace period on failure-to-pay penalties will be made available to certain wage earners and self-employed individuals. The request for an extension of time to pay will result in relief from the failure to pay penalty for tax year 2011, only if the tax, interest, and any other penalties are fully paid by October 15, 2012. 
The penalty relief will be available to two categories of taxpayers:
  • Wage earners who have been unemployed at least thirty consecutive days during 2011 or in 2012 up to the April 17 deadline for filing a federal tax return this year.
  • Self-employed individuals who experienced a 25 percent or greater reduction in business income in 2011 due to the economy. 
This penalty relief is subject to income limits. A taxpayer's income must not exceed $200,000 if he or she files as married filing jointly or not exceed $100,000 if he or she files as single or head of household. This penalty relief is also restricted to taxpayers whose calendar year 2011 balance due does not exceed $50,000. 
Taxpayers meeting the eligibility criteria will need to complete a new Form 1127-A to seek the 2011 penalty relief. The new form is available on the IRS website
The failure-to-pay penalty is generally half of 1 percent per month, with an upper limit of 25 percent. Under this new relief, taxpayers can avoid that penalty until October 15, 2012, which is six months beyond this year's filing deadline. However, the IRS is still legally required to charge interest on unpaid back taxes and does not have the authority to waive this charge, which is currently 3 percent on an annual basis.
Even with the new penalty relief becoming available, the IRS strongly encourages taxpayers to file their returns on time, by April 17, or to file for an extension. Failure-to-file penalties applied to unpaid taxes remain in effect and are generally 5 percent per month, also with a 25 percent cap.
Installment Agreements
The Fresh Start provisions also mean that more taxpayers will have the ability to use streamlined installment agreements to catch up on back taxes.
The IRS announced that, effective immediately, the threshold for using an installment agreement without having to supply the IRS with a financial statement has been raised from $25,000 to $50,000. This is a significant reduction in taxpayer burden.
Taxpayers who owe up to $50,000 in back taxes will now be able to enter into a streamlined agreement with the IRS that stretches the payment out over a series of months or years. The maximum term for streamlined installment agreements has also been raised to seventy-two months from the current sixty-month maximum.
Taxpayers seeking installment agreements exceeding $50,000 will still need to supply the IRS with a Collection Information Statement (Form 433-A or Form 433-F). Taxpayers may also pay down their balance due to $50,000 or less to take advantage of this payment option.
An installment agreement is an option for those who cannot pay their entire tax bills by the due date. Penalties are reduced, although interest continues to accrue on the outstanding balance. In order to qualify for the new expanded streamlined installment agreement, a taxpayer must agree to monthly direct debit payments.
Taxpayers can set up an installment agreement with the IRS by going to the Online Payment Agreement (OPA) page and following the instructions.
"Our goal is to help people meet their obligations and get back on their feet financially," Shulman said.
Input from the Internal Revenue Service Advisory Council and the IRS National Taxpayer Advocate's office contributed to the formulation of Fresh Start.
Offers in Compromise
Under the first round of Fresh Start, the IRS expanded a new streamlined offer in compromise (OIC) program to cover a larger group of struggling taxpayers. An offer in compromise is an agreement between a taxpayer and the IRS that settles the taxpayer's tax liabilities for less than the full amount owed. The common-sense changes to the OIC program more closely reflect real-world situations.
For example, the IRS has more flexibility with financial analysis for determining reasonable collection potential for distressed taxpayers.
Generally, an offer will not be accepted if the IRS believes that the liability can be paid in full as a lump sum or through a payment agreement. The IRS looks at the taxpayer's income and assets to make a determination regarding the taxpayer's ability to pay.
Details on IRS Collection and Other Information
A series of eight short videos are available to familiarize taxpayers and practitioners with the IRS collection process. The Owe Taxes? Understanding IRS Collection Efforts series is available on the IRS website.
The IRS website has a variety of other online resources available to help taxpayers meet their payment obligations:
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