$2.5 Billion Awaits Those Who Haven't Filed a 2000 Tax Return

Unclaimed refunds totaling more than $2.5 billion are awaiting nearly 2 million people who failed to file a 2000 income tax return, the IRS announced this week. In order to collect the money, however, a return must be filed with an IRS office no later than April 15, 2004.

The IRS estimates that half of those who could claim refunds would receive more than $529. In some cases, individuals had taxes withheld from their wages, or made payments against their taxes out of self-employed earnings, but had too little income to require filing a tax return. Some taxpayers may also be eligible for the refundable Earned Income Tax Credit.

"The clock is running if you want to get your refund," said IRS Commissioner Mark W. Everson. "People who aren’t required to file sometimes overlook that they had tax withheld. Don’t wait until it’s too late. We want all taxpayers to get the refund they’re due."

In cases where a return was not filed, the law provides most taxpayers with a three-year window of opportunity for claiming a refund. If no return is filed to claim the refund within three years, the money becomes property of the U.S. Treasury. For 2000 returns, the window closes on April 15, 2004. The law requires that the return be properly addressed, postmarked and mailed by that date. There is no penalty assessed by the IRS for filing a late return qualifying for a refund.

The IRS reminds taxpayers seeking a 2000 refund that their checks will be held if they have not filed tax returns for 2001 or 2002. In addition, the refund will be applied to any amounts still owed to the IRS and may be used to satisfy unpaid child support or past due federal debts such as student loans.

By failing to file a return, individuals stand to lose more than refunds of taxes withheld or paid during 2000. Many low-income workers may not have claimed the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC). Although eligible taxpayers may get a refund when their EITC is more than their tax, those who file returns more than three years late would be able only to offset their tax. They would not be able to receive refunds if the credit exceeded their tax.

Generally, individuals qualified for the EITC in 2000 if they earned less than $31,152 and had more than one qualifying child living with them, less than $27,413 with one qualifying child, or less than $10,380 and had no qualifying child.

Current and prior year tax forms are available on IRS.gov or by calling 1-800-TAX-FORM (1-800-829-3676). Taxpayers who need help also can call the IRS help line at 1-800-829-1040.

The table below shows a state-by-state breakdown of estimates for individuals who failed to file a 2000 return with a refund due:

Individuals Who Failed to File a 2000 Return
and Refund Amounts (Estimated)*
Location Individuals Median Refund Total Refunds ($000)
Alabama 31,100 $516 $28,915
Alaska 9,100 $529 $13,264
Arizona 42,400 $455 $43,965
Arkansas 17,800 $501 $18,015
California 225,300 $496 $291,900
Colorado 32,200 $499 $41,907
Connecticut 21,900 $602 $38,774
Delaware 7,000 $521 $6,908
District of Columbia 7,800 $504 $11,770
Florida 128,700 $533 $190,191
Georgia 70,500 $500 $74,394
Hawaii 11,400 $561 $15,343
Idaho 6,900 $445 $6,749
Illinois 79,800 $575 $126,259
Indiana 38,500 $558 $42,219
Iowa 17,700 $516 $14,795
Kansas 20,000 $518 $18,950
Kentucky 20,500 $531 $21,135
Louisiana 30,500 $507 $33,599
Maine 6,900 $470 $8,829
Maryland 41,200 $527 $50,904
Massachusetts 45,300 $590 $84,454
Michigan 81,200 $567 $96,031
Minnesota 27,200 $492 $30,212
Mississippi 16,900 $467 $14,515
Missouri 39,200 $504 $40,373
Montana 4,900 $467 $4,566
Nebraska 9,300 $496 $8,902
Nevada 23,000 $500 $28,895
New Hampshire 7,400 $616 $13,989
New Jersey 63,000 $587 $96,007
New Mexico 13,300 $474 $11,486
New York 119,900 $570 $234,995
North Carolina 58,300 $469 $56,819
North Dakota 2,400 $495 $2,029
Ohio 64,600 $518 $68,621
Oklahoma 26,000 $505 $25,665
Oregon 29,000 $448 $28,248
Pennsylvania 63,700 $560 $82,245
Rhode Island 6,800 $548 $8,486
South Carolina 23,500 $457 $22,124
South Dakota 3,200 $502 $2,939
Tennessee 31,600 $523 $35,668
Texas 157,800 $563 $203,353
Utah 11,500 $457 $13,146
Vermont 3,200 $523 $4,914
Virginia 56,000 $522 $70,070
Washington 50,100 $551 $68,681
West Virginia 5,900 $546 $7,610
Wisconsin 23,400 $498 $23,692
Wyoming 3,000 $540 $4,235
Armed Forces 7,800 $641 $5,770
U.S. Possessions 1,500 $570 $1,808
Foreign Addresses 5,500 $1,000 $26,200
Total 1,952,600 $529 $2,525,533
*Excluding Earned Income Tax Credit.

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