Lessons Learned From Ten Most Common Frauds | AccountingWEB

Lessons Learned From Ten Most Common Frauds

In the April 2002 issue of Journal of Accountancy, Joseph Wells, chairman of the Association of Certified Fraud Examiners (CFE), reviews the results of a survey by CFE and discusses the implications for CPAs.

Most Common Frauds

Based on a study of 971 fraud cases, CFE's study found the ten most common types of frauds, along with their respective frequencies and median costs in 2002, were as follows:

  1. Billing schemes, 25.2%, $160,000
  2. Skimming, 24.7%, $70,000
  3. Check tampering, 16.7%, $140,000
  4. Corruption schemes, 12.8%, $530,000
  5. Expense reimbursements, 12.2%, $60,000
  6. Payroll schemes, 9.8%, $140,000
  7. Noncash misappropriations, 9.0%, $200,000
  8. Cash larceny, 6.9%, $25,000
  9. Fraudulent financial statements, 5.1%, $4,250, 000
  10. Register disbursements, 1.7%, $18,000

Implications for CPAs

Through correlation analysis, the survey also found that (1) audits have a substantial impact on the size of the typical fraud, and (2) the risks of financial statement manipulation are greatest in smaller businesses that are trying to raise money from a private source. The resulting message for CPAs is that they should encourage bankers and other lenders to require more audits of their borrowers. Another key message can be drawn from the fact that the most common frauds are easier to prevent than to detect. Mr. Wells points out that most schemes can be prevented through basic accounting controls, audits and proper oversight. He urges CPAs to take responsibility for educating their clients about the potential problems and ways to prevent them.

Download the full study.

-Rosemary Schlank

Wait, there's more!
There's always more at AccountingWEB. We're an active community of financial professionals and journalists who strive to bring you valuable content every day. If you'd like, let us know your interests and we'll send you a few articles every week either in taxation, practice excellence, or just our most popular stories from that week. It's free to sign up and to be a part of our community.
Premium content is currently locked

Editor's Choice

WHAT KIND OF FIRM ARE YOU?
As part of our continued effort to provide valuable resources and insight to our subscribers, we're conducting this brief survey to learn more about your personal experiences in the accounting profession. We will be giving away five $50 Amazon gift cards, and a $250 Amazon gift card to one lucky participant.
This is strictly for internal use and data will not be sold
or shared with any third parties.