Taxes available for use as deductions are limited
I understand that a great amount of the price we pay for cigarettes and alcohol is made up of taxes. Are these taxes considered "other taxes" for purposes of itemized deductions? If so, how should we account for these amounts? The receipts for purchases don't list the taxes separately.
Don't worry about saving receipts for liquor and tobacco products. There is no deduction allowed for the taxes on these items, even though the tax represents a large portion of the purchase price. There are lots of other taxes that we all pay, taxes that raise the prices but that don't add up to a higher tax deduction. For example, fuel taxes, pet licenses, sales tax (which was deductible until not very long ago), social security and medicare tax, and utility taxes. The taxes you can deduct as itemized deductions are limited to only a handful of the taxes we pay. Deductions are allowed are for the following types of taxes:
- state and local income taxes
- property taxes including real estate taxes
- foreign income taxes (usually taken as a tax credit instead of an itemized deduction)
- 50% of self employment tax (taken as an adjustment to income rather than an itemized deduction)
- transfer tax on securities
- assessments for repairs and maintenance as well as interest charges for special improvements (such as sidewalks and sewer systems), note that the interest charges on these items are deductible, but as a tax rather than an interest expense
My tenants pay me in checks that are made out to me personally. I deposit these checks in my bank account, along with other amounts. Short of opening a separate bank account for my rental units, what's the best way of keeping track of all the income so that the IRS won't think other amounts I deposit are rental income too?
I vote for a separate bank account for the rental property, just because it makes the record-keeping so much easier. If you are determined not to open a separate account, the next best thing (and something you should do in any case) is to keep a journal of all the deposits in your main bank account. Identify which amounts represent income from your rental units, and identify all other deposits as well.
In addition to a written record of the bank deposits for rent income, keep records that indicate the names of your tenants, the number of months they rented from you and the amount of rent you charged. The information in these tenant records should agree with the amounts you show as bank deposits.
You can usually start discarding receipts that support the numbers on your tax return three years after you filed the tax return (or the due date for that return, whichever is later) on which you reported the amounts. Because rental income relates to property which usually hangs around on your tax return for more than three years (depreciation expense will keep a piece of rental property on your tax return for a long time), you may want to be a bit more conservative and hang on to rental-related tax records for something closer to seven years.
My sister doesn't work and receives welfare payments. Is she supposed to pay taxes on these payments?
Most public assistance payments are not taxable and don't even get reported on a tax return. A major exception to the rule is unemployment compensation, which is taxable.
Are proceeds from life insurance policies taxable? I received a small amount as the beneficiary of a relative and am not sure how to list it on my tax return, or if I even have to.
The amount you receive as a beneficiary of a life insurance policy is not subject to income tax. The amount doesn't get listed on your tax return. If you receive the insurance payments over a period of time instead of all at once, there may be interest associated with the payments. This interest is subject to income tax just like other interest income, but the part of the payment representing insurance proceeds is not taxable.