The objective of this EITF is to clarify how to account for defensive intangible assets subsequent to initial measurement. It applies to acquired intangible assets that the entity does not plan to actively use but intends to hold to prevent its competitors from using it, unless the intangible asset must be expensed in accordance with other literature. (FAS 2, paragraph 11(c) requires R&D costs to be expensed in a transaction that does not qualify as a business combination if the assets are not going to be used.)
A defensive intangible asset should be accounted for as a separate unit of accounting and should not be included as part of the cost of the acquirer’s existing intangible assets. A useful life should be assigned to the defensive intangible asset in accordance with paragraph 11 of FAS 142. The useful life would be estimated to be the period of time that the entity would receive indirect cash flows from other assets because they kept their competitors from using the asset. In other words, how long will the entity benefit from acquiring the alternative technology?
EITF 08-7 includes four examples that illustrate whether an intangible asset is a defensive intangible asset or not. Take a look at the examples if you have questions about the status of any acquired intangibles.