The comptroller of New York City has asked the Securities and Exchange Commission and the Justice Department to investigate allegations that Wal-Mart illegally spied on some of its shareholders.
TNew York City Comptroller William C. Thompson's request follows a series of allegations by a fired Wal-Mart security operative that the giant retailer performed surveillance operations against employees, critics, suppliers, consultants and shareholders expected to challenge some of the company's policies at an annual meeting.
Wal-Mart's spokesman John Simley declined to comment Wednesday on Thompson's action.
In a letter faxed to shareholders last week, Wal-Mart denied allegations by the fired operative in the Wall Street Journal that the retailer was targeting shareholders for surveillance.
At least three investor groups including the Interfaith Center on Corporate Responsibility, a leader in shareholder activism, have said that the assurance was not enough and have demanded a formal apology and copies of any material collected on them.
"We certainly welcome this initiative (by the comptroller) and we'd like to get to the bottom of this situation," said Peter Flaherty, president of the National Legal and Policy Center, a free market think-tank that has a resolution pending for the June 1 shareholder meeting to require more details from Wal-Mart on its charitable giving.
Wal-Mart's union-backed critics also called for an investigation.
"Since Wal-Mart is unwilling to say, it's time for a serious government investigation into who Wal-Mart spied on, when, where, and why," said Chris Kofinis, spokesman for WakeUpWalMart.com.
In letters to government officials, Thompson said his office, which controls $400 million worth of Wal-Mart stock through government pension funds, was among those targeted by the surveillance effort.
Thompson called Wal-Mart's surveillance activities "ill-considered and possibly illegal" in the April 9 letters to SEC Chairman Christopher Cox and Deputy Attorney General Paul McNulty.
"This conduct reflects breathtakingly flawed judgment and raises significant questions regarding Wal-Mart's commitment to its shareholders and the public markets," he wrote in his letter to Cox.
An SEC spokesman said he could not comment on whether the agency is investigating the matter.
The comptroller's office reportedly drew Wal-Mart's attention after submitting a proposal asking it to abide by a code of conduct that would govern its operations in Northern Ireland.
Thompson also wrote Wal-Mart CEO Lee Scott, calling the company's defense of its activities, "mystifying and outrageous."
Wal-Mart confirmed last Thursday that there was a January memo by an unnamed Wal-Mart official asking an internal security team to research certain shareholders in advance of the company's annual meeting on June 1.
A spokeswoman told The Associated Press last week it was routine for the company to review "potential areas of concern" before shareholders' meeting but added that any review was "mainly using the Internet and other public sources to obtain background information."
However, Wal-Mart's letter to shareholders on the same issue stated flatly that there had been no effort to collect information on them.
"In spite of a January 2007 memo referenced in the (Wall Street Journal) article, there were no inquiries made with respect to the proponents of shareholder proposals. Given the nature of the matters proposed and our familiarity with the individual proponents, the request contained in the memo was not acted upon," Wal-Mart wrote.
The letter, provided Wednesday to The Associated Press by Wal-Mart, said that Wal-Mart does at times conduct background research on persons or organizations, including proponents of shareholder proposals.
"Any information gathered about proponents of shareholder proposals would come from Internet searches and from other publicly available sources of background information," Wal-Mart wrote.
"You can be assured that Wal-Mart does not and will not obtain information regarding you or organizations with which you are associated improperly or through intrusive means, and that there are no 'surveillance operations' directed at shareholder proponents as stated in the Wall Street Journal," the letter said.